PERSONALITY SPECIFICS OF THE PROFESSIONAL MUSICIAN

Keywords: professional and amateur musicians, personality, well-being, the adaptive potential

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the personal features, psychological well-being, adaptive potential and the state of flow among the professional musicians because every profession requires a person to have certain specific psychological characteristics or qualities, which often directly affect the results of work. The empirical study, carried out on a representative sample of 182 professional and amateur musicians, has shown that the level of involvement into musical activity influences not only the personality trait characteristics of the participants but also their level of psychological well-being and adaptive abilities. The hypothesis of the research has been confirmed. The statistically significant difference in several personal traits of professional and amateur musicians has been proved. The professional musicians in comparison with amateur musicians are prone to autonomy, independency, personal growth, a sense of continuous selfdevelopment and self-perfection with time; they are capable to resist social pressure. At the same time they have higher level of anxiety and aesthetic features as well as low of level of tolerance to unfavorable factors of professional activity particularly under stressful situations. The amateur musicians show a highly developed capacity of socialization, adequate self-appraisal of their role in a group, orientation to maintenance to normative behavior as well as a high level of emotional stability in comparison with professional musicians. Our data complement the data of other scholars` data in the aspect of the impact of involvement into musical activity on a psychological well-being of the individuals which has not been studied before. The paradox of psychological well-being with the absence of universally accepted predispositions for it, we describe by the probability of experiencing a state of flow. The results of the research can be used in psychological work with students and teachers of musical educational institutions, as well as the professional musicians, with the aim of improving their psychological health and well-being and preventing the emergence of states of mental disadaptation.

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Published
2021-10-07