RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL FRUSTRATION AND DISORDERS OF THE EMOTIONAL SPHERE OF PARENTS WHO RAISE CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL FEATURES

Keywords: child, development, social protection, frustration, emotional sphere, psychodiagnostics, autism spectrum disorders, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy

Abstract

The article reveals the topical issue of the emotional sphere of parents raising children with special needs, and their relationship with social frustration. The topic stated in the study is extremely relevant and complex, because helping such families in Ukraine is making its first confident steps. Models of psychological assistance to parents of "special" children began to take shape. According to some documents, namely the "Familie sand Disability" from the UN, every fourth family faces the problem of disability. As for Ukraine, according to statistics, every year the number of young people with disabilities, including children with disabilities from childhood, increases. The State Committee for Family and Youth Affairs has disseminated information that for every ten thousand children, one hundred children have various functional limitations. Parents of children with disabilities and developmental disabilities have a great emotional burden. Parents who have a child with special needs completely change and sometimes significantly reduce the range of their social interaction. The birth of a "special" child is a critical situation in the life of parents. It is this psychological phenomenon that is seen as social frustration. The topic of social frustration and emotional disorders in parents raising children with special needs is certainly relevant and significant in the context of finding methods of psychological care. The causes of disorders, which are associated with the peculiarities of the mental state of a child with developmental disabilities, are a long-term psychologically traumatic factor for parents. The purpose of psychological work with parents of children with special needs is not so much to eliminate existing family problems, but to help parents to master the methods of identifying and resolving their problems. Thus, the organization of psychological assistance to families raising children with special needs requires a comprehensive model approach, which will include the relationship of different areas of work: psychological and pedagogical, corrective, developmental, as well as include educational work with the child's parents.

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Published
2021-10-07