GENDER-ROLE CONFLICT IN WOMEN: ROLE COMPETENCE, BALANCE, ROLE DISTRIBUTION

  • A. I. Kasyan Zaporizhzhya National University
Keywords: role competence of the individual, role flexibility, role depth, distribution of roles, family roles, work-life balance

Abstract

The specifics of role competence, structure and content of roles of women, those gender-role conflicts that women face in the current everyday reality associated with expanding the role repertoire of the individual, the transformation of roles are important to study – this applies to the role distribution in the family and opportunities to divide their time between work and other areas of life for women, who work and have a family and children. The article is devoted to the results of empirical research (n = 204) of women's role competence, its relationship with individual and typological personality traits. The hypothesis of the empirical part of the study wasthe following: women experience genderrole conflict, which associated with stereotyped roles, work-life imbalances, and low levels of role competence. The study of women's role competency showed that role-playing competence is on the average level, but almost 20% of female are less competence, have poor role repertoire and knowledge of their roles and skills in using them. Role flexibility and sensitivity are also generally at an average level, as well as the role of role depth and role-playing skills, with almost 20% of women having a low level of these role-playing skills. The results of the study have showed that among the competency components, role flexibility is more related to a common indicator than role depth. Both parameters characterize different attributes of role competence, which may be opposite. The two scales of role competence do not have a statistically significant relationship, and therefore probably characterize different competence peculiarities. The division of family roles, according to women’s opinion, should be common to the wife and husband in certain areas (organization of entertainment, the role of host / hostess, sexual partner, organization of family subculture); belong to a husband (family material support) or a wife (raising children, emotional climate), which corresponds to the stereotypical traditional division of roles. The balance between work and other spheres of life, the ability to harmoniously distribute their time, is generally above average, especially in social contacts. Role competence is related at times to both the distribution of roles in the family and the worklife balance, which partially confirms our hypothesis. Also in the indicators of role competence, distribution of roles in the family, work-life balance, some statistical differences were found on age, level of education, marital status and number of children or their presence.

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Published
2021-04-27
Section
SECTION II. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY; PSYCHOLOGY OF SOCIAL WORK