• L. V. Drozdova Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
Keywords: convicts, mercenary criminals, personal maturity, structural and functional components of lying, recidivists, fraud


The article presents the results of an empirical study of the relationship between the structural and functional components of lying with personal maturity in acquisitive recidivists. Based on the results of theoretical analysis, it is noted that quite often the study of the phenomenon of lying is carried out in the context of research on criminal behavior, in particular, emphasizes the importance of studying the construct of lying in the analysis of fraudsters. It is emphasized that the recurrence of the crime and the success of the re-socialization of convicts scientists and practitioners associate, among other things, with the level of their psychological maturity. Methods. The study used the “Structural and functional questionnaire of lies” by I. Tserkovna and the questionnaire of personal maturity by O. Shtepa. Mathematical and statistical analysis of the obtained results was based on two criteria: Student’s t-test for independent groups and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The sample included 53 convicts serving sentences for fraud. The sample included 53 convicts who were serving sentences for crimes related to fraud. Using the procedure of cluster analysis according to the principle of “nearest neighbors” on the basis of the data obtained from the questionnaire of I. Tserkovna, two groups of subjects were identified. The first group consisted of 22 subjects, the second group included 31 subjects. Results. The obtained results testify to the destructive contribution of lying to the functioning of personal maturity, as indicated by the significant relationships of only a negative nature, established between the studied phenomena in both the first and second group of acquisitive criminals – recidivists. In the first group, the components of personal maturity such as contact (4 correlations out of 8) and responsibility (3 correlations out of 8) were the most involved in the relationship with lying. In the second group, such a component of personal maturity as tolerance interacts most actively with lying (4 correlations out of 6), twice as many relationships are established between lying and decentration.


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